The following places were visited during the week-long learning trip in Ghana
Day 1 at Ghana Energy Commission: The Energy Commission is located in the central business district of Accra East. Our team was received by Dr Joseph K. Essandoh-Yeddu, Director, Strategic, Planning and Policy and Prosper Amuquandoh, Inspectorate Office of Energy Commission. The Energy Commission explained the Ghana Energy process from technical, policy, regulatory and operation point of view. The commission is saddled with a regulatory and inspection function on the implementation of government policies on both conventional and non-conventional Energy sources in Ghana.
Day 2 at Volta River Authority: The team visited the Volta River Authority, the largest hydropower project in Ghana. Ghana’s energy sources include Thermal (largest contribution), hydro (second largest), fossil fuel and other renewable energy mix such as Solar. The VRA has the Asokombo dam which has six (6) generators with installed capacity of 1020 MW. At the time of visit, two generators were operating generating 348MW, one was under maintenance and three (3) others are on standby.
Ghana, like Nigeria, has a frequency of 50Hz which regulates the demand and supply of electricity for domestic and industrial usage in Ghana. For about a year till this time, Ghana has been generating more energy than needed i.e. meeting energy demand. Although, this came after a period of load shedding usually referred to as ‘Doomsoh, Doomsoh’.
Day 3 at Ghana Grid Company: The Ghana Grid company is similar to Transmission Company of Nigeria (TCN) whose responsibility is to serve as middleman and coordinate the generation and distribution of electricity in Ghana. The Grid Co is situated in the industrial zone of Tema, Greater Accra with an operation base and control centre large enough to serve the entire West Africa.
Day 3 at Apam Solar Project: The Apam Solar project is a twin project situated on the outskirt of Winneba, Greater Accra. It is a combined 40 MW solar project operated by a Chinese Consortium. The project was under construction at the time of visit and was already generating electricity but it was yet to be connected to the grid.
The energy sector is the engine room for industrialization of the society and we are open to further learning and collaboration.